Between March and April 1930, Mahatma Gandhi initiated salsatyagrah or the salt march to produce his salt from the seawater in the coastal village of Dandi. The march was the first act of the campaign of civil disobedience. The government has passed a series of laws prohibiting Indians from producing or selling salt independently. They were also forced to buy expensive and heavily taxed salt. Salsatyagrah protested against this British policy and gave impetus to the civil disobedience movement. The British severely reissued the Satyagrahi and arrested Mahatma Gandhi. However, the movement has progressed and gained strength, attracting tens of thousands of people. The British used many reckless measures to crush the movement, such as Lathi`s accusations, shootings at protesters, arrests, etc. In late 1930, prominent members of Congress such as Jawaharlal Nehru and thousands of ordinary Indians were placed in prison. Not only had the movement caused problems for the British in India, but it had also attracted media attention around the world. Lord Irwin sought a way out of the impasse and invited Mahatma Gandhi to discuss, and in 1931 he was released from prison. Thus the two men began to negotiate and in 1931 the Gandhi Irwin Pact was signed.
A total of eight meetings were held between the two leaders, which lasted 24 hours. Gandhi`s motivations for reaching a pact with Lord Irwin, the viceroy, are the best to understand in his technique. The satyagraha movements are commonly referred to as “fighting,” “rebellions” and “wars without violence.” However, because of the common connotation of these remarks, they seemed to disproportionately underline the negative aspect of the movements, namely the opposition and the conflict. However, the purpose of satyagraha was not to obtain the physical elimination or moral collapse of an opponent, but to initiate a psychological process that could allow the mind and heart to meet, blowing on his hands. In such a struggle, a compromise with an adversary was neither cresie nor betrayal, but a natural and necessary step. If it turned out that the compromise was premature and the adversary was not repentant, there was nothing to prevent the Satyagrahi from returning to the nonviolent struggle. The first table conference took place from November 12, 1930 to January 19, 1931. Before the conference, Mr. K.
Gandhi had launched the civil disobedience movement on behalf of the Indian National Congress. As many congressional leaders were in prison, Congress did not attend the first conference, but representatives of all other Indian parties and a number of princes did.