Linggadjati Agreement Pdf

Linggarjati is given not only the name of a small village on the slopes of the frightening mountain of Ciremai and near Cirebon in West Java, but also the name of an agreement. The Linggadjati Agreement was concluded on 12 November 1946 by a Dutch delegation and representatives of the Republic of Indonesia and officially signed in Batavia (Jakarta) on 25 March 1947. For those who believe that Indonesia had to secure its independence through physical or military struggle, the agreement is often seen as a “capitulation”. The perception is therefore negative, because the agreement was seen as a withdrawal from the proclamation of independence of 17 August 1945 by abandoning certain areas, as stipulated in the agreement. This approach was widely used in our history books during the Era of Orde Baru (1966-1999), when the government of the day placed greater emphasis on the role of the army in our struggle for independence. On 25 March, the Linggadjati agreement was finally signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia at Rijswijk Palace in Jakarta. In fact, two different agreements have been signed. The Dutch signed the agreement, interpreted by the Dutch government and the Dutch parliament, which means that they have agreed on the establishment of a sovereign and powerful Dutch-Indonesian Union, in which the United States of Indonesia and the Republic of Indonesia have played only a minor role. The Indonesians signed the agreement in its most original form, accepting only a symbolic Dutch-Indonesian union and wishing for a fully sovereign United States of Indonesia, in which the Republic of Indonesia would play a dominant role. The General Committee of the Netherlands then gave a “clarification” to the agreement and interpreted it as a “program of principles” to reconcile the status of the Dutch kingdom with political facts in the eastern Netherlands. On 10 December 1946, the Dutch government, in a statement by Foreign Minister Jan Jonkman, released its own interpretation of the agreement. Under pressure from the Dutch Catholic Party, which wanted to conduct missionary activities in West Pappua, Jonkman said that the region would not ultimately be transferred to the United States from Indonesia, a statement contrary to Article 3 of the Linggadjati agreement.